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Heat Stress Symptoms and Treatments

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Symptoms and treatment of various levels of heat stress are:

  • Sunburn - Skin redness, swelling, pain, blisters, fever, and headaches. Ointments help mild cases; more severe sunburns should receive medical treatment.

  • Cramping - Occurs in legs and occasionally in the abdomen. Gentle massage may help. Sips of mild (teaspoon of salt to 8 oz. of water) salt water. If symptoms persist, see a doctor.

  • Heat Exhaustion - Profuse sweating, weak pulse, and severe fatigue. Skin may appear pale and feel cold and clammy. Greater severity marked by fainting and vomiting. Move person to cool location, preferably air-conditioning and apply cool compresses. If symptoms continue, seek medical attention.

  • Sunstroke - Very high (106°) temperature, rapid and strong pulse, and hot, dry skin. Move victim immediately to cool location, apply cool, wet compresses, and seek medical help. This condition can be fatal.

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